International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Case Reports (IJMPCR) (ISSN: 2394-109X)</strong> aims to publish case reports in the areas of medical and pharmaceutical sciences.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.&nbsp;</p> en-US contact@journalijmpcr.com (International Journal of Advances in Nephrology Research) contact@journalijmpcr.com (International Journal of Advances in Nephrology Research) Fri, 25 Sep 2020 11:24:26 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Generalized Epilepsy with Right Hemiparesis Secondary to Herpes Encephalitis https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30116 <p>Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a medical emergency associated with high mortality and morbidity. Definitive diagnosis is established by history, clinical examination, neuroimaging studies, supportive electroencephalogram (EEG) findings, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis.</p> <p>A 7-year-old Malay girl with known case of right hemiplegia secondary to herpes encephalitis presented to the neuropediatric ward, in General Hospital with refractory seizure. She had a moderate learning disability and diagnosed as right hemiparesis secondary to herpes encephalitis complicated with epilepsy. She was planned for the positron emission tomography (PET) scan and to undergo operation if PET scan was feasible (Hemispherectomy). However, the patient refused for operation.</p> <p>Prompt clinical recognition is important in the HSE to prevent progressive brain tissue damage, haemorrhagic changes, and worsening of the encephalitis. Diagnosis is usually confirmed through an extensive evaluation, including a thorough clinical examination with attention to findings on mental status changes, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, electroencephalogram (EEG) testing and findings on neuroimaging.</p> <p>Once HSE is suspected, high-dose acyclovir should be started immediately before lumbar puncture (LP), and only stopped once a definitive alternate diagnosis has been established.</p> <p>This case is reported because the patient has generalized epilepsy with right hemiparesis secondary to herpes encephalitis. Herpes encephalitis with right hemiparesis cases are quite rare.</p> Htay Lwin, Zay Yar Naing, Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Lutfi Abas, Soe Moe, Mila Nu Nu Htay ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30116 Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Rare Case of Recurrent Blastomycosis in North America https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30115 <p>Blastomycosis is a chronic granulomatous and suppurative mycoses caused by Blastomyces <em>dermatitidis</em>. The majority of cases show a primary pulmonary disease. We report a 65-year-old male patient with two painless, violaceous nodules over the left chest wall and right inner thigh. Initially, differential diagnoses of disseminated Blastomycosis, Pneumonia, and Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma made based on past and present clinical history and presentation. The final diag-nosis of disseminated with secondary cutaneous Blastomycosis in a followup case of Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma made based on skin biopsy, broncho-alveolar lavage, and bronchial brushing showing budding yeasts of Blastomyces. The patient responded well to therapy with Amphotericin B and Itraconazole along with intravenous methylprednisolone.</p> Zebi Fatima ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30115 Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Leukemoid Reaction in a Preterm Infant: Diagnostic Challenge in Resource Poor Setting: A Case Report https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30117 <p>A preterm neonate delivered at 28 weeks gestation, mother had antenatal steroid. Blood counts showed leukemoid reaction, blood culture, procalcitonin and peripheral blood film was normal. Baby was stabilized in the NICU, recovered and the WBC count done serially showed a downward trend.&nbsp; The leukemoid reaction was presumed to come from antenatal steroid use. The diagnostic and management challenges encountered in managing the infant in resource constrained environment like ours is presented alongside.</p> Okoli Chukwudi, Nwaogu Nwaoma, Nwafia Ifeyinwa ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.journalijmpcr.com/index.php/IJMPCR/article/view/30117 Mon, 19 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000